万圣节由来知识竞赛题_万圣节的由来英文

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万圣节由来知识竞赛题



万圣节由来知识竞赛题



1.万圣节的由来

拎着南瓜灯的提篓去挨家挨户地讨糖

2.万圣节的由来!!


一、万圣节的由来:
关于万圣节由来的,传说最多的版本认为,那是源于基督诞生前的古西欧国家,主要包括爱尔兰、苏格兰和威尔士。这几处的古西欧人叫德鲁伊特人。德鲁伊特的新年在十一月一日,新年前夜,德鲁伊特人让年轻人集队,戴着各种怪异面具,拎着刻好的萝卜灯(南瓜灯系后期习俗,古西欧最早没有南瓜),他们游走于村落间。这在当时实则为一种秋收的庆典;也有说是“鬼节”,传说当年死去的人,灵魂会在万圣节的前夜造访人世,据说人们应该让造访的鬼魂看到圆满的收成并对鬼魂呈现出丰盛的款待。所有篝火及灯火,一来为了吓走鬼魂,同时也为鬼魂照亮路线,引导其回归。
在中世纪的中欧,曾有过基督教摧毁异教徒的历史。可是新年夜前的祭祀庆典从未真正消除,不过以巫术的形式出现。这也就是为什么我们现在的万圣节里,还留有巫婆的扫帚、黑猫、咒语等痕迹。
二、Halloween一词的产生:
很多民族都在万圣节前夜有庆典聚会,这又被叫做“All Hallow Een”、“The Eve of All Hallows”、“Hallow een”,或者“The eve of All SaintasDay”。最终约定俗成演变成了“Halloween”,中文意译成了万圣节之夜。
三、“Trick or treat”的传说:
孩子们今天着装挨家要糖的习俗,据说起源于爱尔兰。古西欧时候的爱尔兰异教徒们,相信在万圣节前夜鬼魂会群集于居家附近,并接受设宴款待。因而,在“宴会”结束后,村民们就自己扮成鬼魂精灵,游走村外,引导鬼魂离开,避邪免灾。于此同时,村民们也都注意在屋前院后的摆布些水果及其他食品,喂足鬼魂而不至于让它们伤害人类和动物或者掠夺其他收成。后来这习俗一直延续下来,就成了孩子们取笑不慷慨之家的玩笑。
至于南瓜灯也至少有两种说法。一种说是人挖空了南瓜又刻上鬼脸点上烛火用以驱散鬼魂的;另一种说是鬼魂点上的烛火,试图骗取人们上当而跟着鬼魂走,所以人们就在南瓜表面刻上一个嘲讽的脸面,用以调笑鬼魂:哼!傻瓜才会上你的当。传说因为首用南瓜的是一位爱尔兰人Jack,所以人们又将鬼脸南瓜灯叫做Jack-O-Lantern。
四、现在的万圣节
万圣节流传到今天已经完全没有了宗教迷信色彩,它成了一个孩子们的节目,也是年轻人化装舞会的节目。
社会对节日的活动也一直做着正面的引导:要求大人教育孩子们不做恐吓性的恶作剧,也要求大人带孩子一起出门(一般是大人架车停在路边,小孩去敲门讨糖)。大人应该要求孩子只许去门口有节日布置的并点了灯的人家,否则不去打扰。另外讨糖过程的始终必须站在大门口等待,不许进屋,讨回的糖也要交大人检查后才许吃。对接待孩子的人家也要求不给自家制作的食品也不给未包装的食品。
公共场合以及居家周围的节日布置都是自愿的。鬼脸南瓜灯、白网黑蜘蛛等,都是节日的装点,已全然没有骇人之鬼魅色彩。有的女学生还端端在这时候会买一对南瓜或者鬼骷髅的耳环来佩带。如果有哪家的布置做得过分恐怖了,会遭到有关方面的制止,媒体也会令其暴光,让公众指责。
万圣节的服装,也是万人万相,不是单调的大鬼小鬼了。有许多渠道教授人们如何制作万圣节服装。比如说制作最简单的鬼服就用一张白床单顶在头上,别忘了扣两个洞留出眼睛就是;若是要扮演魔术师,就穿上黑衣黑裤,再戴上黑礼帽,并在礼帽与头顶之间藏一只绒毛小兔备用;还教大人如何把孩子打扮成小天使,白衣白裤,再从背后怎么绑一个手电筒在头上;也有教如何把孩子打扮成他们喜欢的卡通形象的。当然服装、道具业的商人们,就更有文章可做了。
学校在万圣节是不放假的。有时学校出面组织晚会,有时不甘寂寞的学生们也会自己主办小型晚会;而朋友、家人间互寄贺卡祝万圣节快乐则成为每年十月间流行的习俗。如今网际网路的发达使得送万圣卡更为方便经济,有的网站还别出心裁地设计了各种具有声响动画效果的万圣卡。
总之,万圣节已成为西方人一个很普通的季节性节日。有很多人将此看作秋的结束以及冬的到来。万圣节一过,人们就开始期盼感恩节、圣诞节乃至新年了

3.万圣节的由来?

在西方国家,每年的十月三十一日,有个Halloween,辞典解释为“The eve of All SaintsDay”,中文译作:万圣节之夜。
关于万圣节,人们或多或少都有了一定的感性认知:知道万圣节期间,许多公共场所乃至居家院落,都会布置上很多装璜,诸如各式鬼怪呀、南瓜灯呀、还有黑猫以及巫婆的扫帚之类;孩子们会穿上每年不一样的万圣节服装,拎着南瓜灯的提篓去挨家挨户地讨糖,说是“trick or treak”。除此之外,你还想多知道一点吗?我们在此简单介绍一下万圣节的由来与习俗。
一、万圣节的由来:
关于万圣节由来的,传说最多的版本认为,那是源于基督诞生前的古西欧国家,主要包括爱尔兰、苏格兰和威尔士。这几处的古西欧人叫德鲁伊特人。德鲁伊特的新年在十一月一日,新年前夜,德鲁伊特人让年轻人集队,戴着各种怪异面具,拎着刻好的萝卜灯(南瓜灯系后期习俗,古西欧最早没有南瓜),他们游走于村落间。这在当时实则为一种秋收的庆典;也有说是“鬼节”,传说当年死去的人,灵魂会在万圣节的前夜造访人世,据说人们应该让造访的鬼魂看到圆满的收成并对鬼魂呈现出丰盛的款待。所有篝火及灯火,一来为了吓走鬼魂,同时也为鬼魂照亮路线,引导其回归。
在中世纪的中欧,曾有过基督教摧毁异教徒的历史。可是新年夜前的祭祀庆典从未真正消除,不过以巫术的形式出现。这也就是为什么我们现在的万圣节里,还留有巫婆的扫帚、黑猫、咒语等痕迹。
二、Halloween一词的产生:
很多民族都在万圣节前夜有庆典聚会,这又被叫做“All Hallow Een”、“The Eve of All Hallows”、“Hallow een”,或者“The eve of All SaintasDay”。最终约定俗成演变成了“Halloween”,中文意译成了万圣节之夜。
三、“Trick or treat”的传说:
孩子们今天着装挨家要糖的习俗,据说起源于爱尔兰。古西欧时候的爱尔兰异教徒们,相信在万圣节前夜鬼魂会群集于居家附近,并接受设宴款待。因而,在“宴会”结束后,村民们就自己扮成鬼魂精灵,游走村外,引导鬼魂离开,避邪免灾。于此同时,村民们也都注意在屋前院后的摆布些水果及其他食品,喂足鬼魂而不至于让它们伤害人类和动物或者掠夺其他收成。后来这习俗一直延续下来,就成了孩子们取笑不慷慨之家的玩笑。
至于南瓜灯也至少有两种说法。一种说是人挖空了南瓜又刻上鬼脸点上烛火用以驱散鬼魂的;另一种说是鬼魂点上的烛火,试图骗取人们上当而跟着鬼魂走,所以人们就在南瓜表面刻上一个嘲讽的脸面,用以调笑鬼魂:哼!傻瓜才会上你的当。传说因为首用南瓜的是一位爱尔兰人Jack,所以人们又将鬼脸南瓜灯叫做Jack-O-Lantern。
四、现在的万圣节
万圣节流传到今天已经完全没有了宗教迷信色彩,它成了一个孩子们的节目,也是年轻人化装舞会的节目。
社会对节日的活动也一直做着正面的引导:要求大人教育孩子们不做恐吓性的恶作剧,也要求大人带孩子一起出门(一般是大人架车停在路边,小孩去敲门讨糖)。大人应该要求孩子只许去门口有节日布置的并点了灯的人家,否则不去打扰。另外讨糖过程的始终必须站在大门口等待,不许进屋,讨回的糖也要交大人检查后才许吃。对接待孩子的人家也要求不给自家制作的食品也不给未包装的食品。
公共场合以及居家周围的节日布置都是自愿的。鬼脸南瓜灯、白网黑蜘蛛等,都是节日的装点,已全然没有骇人之鬼魅色彩。有的女学生还端端在这时候会买一对南瓜或者鬼骷髅的耳环来佩带。如果有哪家的布置做得过分恐怖了,会遭到有关方面的制止,媒体也会令其暴光,让公众指责。
万圣节的服装,也是万人万相,不是单调的大鬼小鬼了。有许多渠道教授人们如何制作万圣节服装。比如说制作最简单的鬼服就用一张白床单顶在头上,别忘了扣两个洞留出眼睛就是;若是要扮演魔术师,就穿上黑衣黑裤,再戴上黑礼帽,并在礼帽与头顶之间藏一只绒毛小兔备用;还教大人如何把孩子打扮成小天使,白衣白裤,再从背后怎么绑一个手电筒在头上;也有教如何把孩子打扮成他们喜欢的卡通形象的。当然服装、道具业的商人们,就更有文章可做了。
学校在万圣节是不放假的。有时学校出面组织晚会,有时不甘寂寞的学生们也会自己主办小型晚会;而朋友、家人间互寄贺卡祝万圣节快乐则成为每年十月间流行的习俗。如今网际网路的发达使得送万圣卡更为方便经济,有的网站还别出心裁地设计了各种具有声响动画效果的万圣卡。
总之,万圣节已成为西方人一个很普通的季节性节日。有很多人将此看作秋的结束以及冬的到来。万圣节一过,人们就开始期盼感恩节、圣诞节乃至新年了。


万圣节的由来英文



1.万圣节的来历英文

Halloween culture can be traced back to the Druids, a Celticculture in Ireland, Britain and Northern Europe. Roots lay in thefeast of Samhain, which was annually on October31st to honor the dead。 万圣节文化可以追溯到德鲁伊教,这是一种爱尔兰、北欧和英国的凯尔特文化,根植于Samhain节的庆祝活动,Samhain节于每年的10月31日纪念逝者。 Samhain signifies summers end or November. Samhain was aharvest festival with huge sacred bonfires, marking the end of theCeltic year and beginning of a new one. Many of the practicesinvolved in this celebration were fed on superstition 。 Samhain节说明夏天结束或者十一月,是一个丰收的节日。在Samhain节会燃起神圣巨大的篝火,标志着凯尔特一年的结束和新一年的开始。一些做法因为迷信被加入庆祝活动中。 The Celts believed the souls of the dead roamed the streetsand villages at night. Since not all spirits were thought to befriendly, gifts and treats were left out topacify the evil and ensure next years crops wouldbe plentiful. This custom evolved into trick-or-treating。 凯尔特人相信死者的灵魂会在夜里出没在街道和村庄。因为他们认为不是所有的灵魂都是友善的,所以就把礼物和好吃的留在外面安慰恶灵来确保来年的庄稼可以丰收。这种习俗演变成了trick-or-treating。 扩展资料: 习俗 敲门索取糖果 万圣节当晚是一年里最“闹鬼”的时候,当天晚上的习俗便是孩子们提着南瓜灯,穿着各式各样的仿妖魔鬼怪的服饰挨家挨户的敲门并大喊:Trick or Treat!(不给糖就捣蛋 ,主人家便会派出一些糖果、朱古力或是小礼物,要是不给糖的话,小孩子们就会进行各种恶作剧。 “咬苹果”游戏 万圣节的另一个习俗是最为流行的“咬苹果”游戏。游戏时,人们让苹果漂浮在装满水的盆里,然后让参与者在不用手的条件下用嘴去咬苹果,谁先咬到,谁就是优胜者。 参考资料:-万圣节

2.万圣节的由来用英语怎么说

万圣节的由来英语表达是:The origin of Halloween。 万圣节又叫诸圣节,在每年的11月1日,是西方的传统节日;而万圣节前夜的10月31日是这个节日最热闹的时刻 。在中文里,常常把万圣节前夜(Halloween 讹译为万圣节(All Saints' Day 。 为庆祝万圣节的来临,小孩会装扮成各种可爱的鬼怪向逐家逐户地敲门,要求获得糖果,否则就会捣蛋。而同时传说这一晚,各种鬼怪也会装扮成小孩混入群众之中一起庆祝万圣节的来临,而人类为了让鬼怪更融洽才装扮成各种鬼怪。

3.英语写的万圣节的由来

October 31 On October 31st, dozens of children dressed in costumes(节日服装 knock on their neighbors' doors and yell Trick or Treat when the door opens. Pirates and princesses, ghosts and popular heroes of the day all hold bags open to catch the candy or other goodies that the neighbors drop in. As they give each child a treat the neighbors exclaim over the costumes and try to guess who is under the masks. Since the 800's November 1st is a religious holiday known as All Saints' Day(万圣节 . The Mass that was said on this day was called Allhallowmas. The evening before became known as All Hakkiw e'en, or Halloween. Like some other American celebrations, its origins lie in both pre-Christian and Christian customs. October 31 st was the eve of the Celtic(凯尔特人的 new year. The Celts were the ancestors of the present-day Irish, Welsh and Scottish people. On this day ghosts walked and mingled with the living, or so the Celts thought. The townspeople baked food all that day and when night fell they dressed up and tried to resemble the souls of the dead. Hoping that the ghosts would leave peacefully before midnight of the new year. Much later, when Christianity spread throughout Ireland and October 31 was no longer the last day of the year, Halloween became a celebration mostly for children. Ghosts went from door to door asking for treats, or else a trick would be played on the owners of the house. When millions of Irish people immigrated to the United States in the 1840s the tradition came with them. Today' school dances and neighborhood parties called block parties are popular among young and old alike. More and more adults celebrate Halloween. They dress up like historical or political figures and go to masquerade parties(化妆舞会 . In larger cities, costumed children and their parents gather at shopping malls early in the evening. Stores and businesses give parties with games and treats for the children.Teenagers enjoy costume dances at their schools and the more outrageous the costume the better! Certain pranks(恶作剧 such as soaping car windows and tipping over garbage cans are expected. But partying and pranks are not the only things that Halloweeners enjoy doing. Some collect money to buy food and medicine for needy children around the world. Symbols of Halloween Halloween originated as a celebration connected with evil spirits. Witches flying on broomsticks with black cats, ghosts, goblins(小精灵 and skeletons have all evolved as symbols of Halloween. They are popular trick-or-treat costumes and decorations for greeting cards and windows. Black is one of the traditional Halloween colors, probably because Halloween festivals and traditions took place at night. In the weeks before October
3
1, Americans decorate windows of houses and schools with silhouettes(轮廓 of witches and black cats. Pumpkins are also a symbol of Halloween. The pumpkin is an orange-colored squash, and orange has become the other traditional Halloween color. Carving pumpkins into jack- o'lanterns is a Halloween custom also dating back to Ireland. A legend grew up about a man "redTag"d Jack who was so stingy(吝啬的 that he was not allowed into heaven when he died, because he was a miser(吝啬鬼 . He couldn't enter hell either because he had played jokes on the devil. As a result, Jack had to walk the earth with his lantern until Judgement Day(审判日 . The Irish people carved scary faces out of turnips(芜菁根 , beets(甜菜根 or potatoes representing Jack of the Lantern, or Jack-o'lantern. When the Irish brought their customs to the United States, they carved faces on pumpkins because in the autumn they were more plentiful than turnips. Today jack-o'-lanterns in the windows of a house on Halloween night let costumed children know that there are goodies(糖果 waiting if they knock and say Trick or Treat! Halloween Treats Dried Pumpkin Seeds After carving your pumpkin, separate the pulp from the seeds. Rinse(冲洗 the seeds and spread them out to dry. The next day, add enough melted butter or margarine(人造黄油 to coat each seed. Spread the seeds onto a cookie sheet(甜酥饼干 and bake for 20 minutes in a 300 degree oven for 20 minutes or until they are slightly brown. Caramel Apples Take the paper wrapping off about 100 caramels(饴糖 and put them in a saucepan(炖锅 . Put the saucepan over a pan of boiling water. Boil the water until the caramels melt. Put a wooden stick into the top of each apple, dip the apple into the caramel. Let them cool on wax paper and enjoy! Scary Stories No Halloween party is complete without at least one scary story. Usually one person talks in a low voice while everyone else crowds together on the floor or around a fire. The following is a retelling of a tale told in Britain and in North Carolina and Virginia. What Do You Come For? There was an old woman who lived all by herself, and she was very lonely. Sitting in the kitchen one night, she said, Oh, I wish I had some company. No sooner had she spoken than down the chimney tumbled two feet from which the flesh had rotted. The old woman's eyes bulged with terror. Then two legs dropped to the hearth and attached themselves to the feet. Then a body tumbled down, then two arms, and a man's head. As the old woman watched, the parts came together into a great, tall man. The man danced around and around the room. Faster and faster he went. Then he stopped, and he looked into her eyes. What do you come for? she asked in a small voice that shivered and shook. What do I come for? he said. I come for YOU! The narrator shouts and jumps at the person near him!

4.万圣节的由来英文版

Halloween is an autumn holiday that Americans celebrate every year. It means holy evening, and it comes every October
3
1, the evening before All Saints' Day. However, it is not really a church holiday, it is a holiday for children mainly.
Not only children, but most grown-ups also love Halloween and Halloween parties because on this day,they can disguise themselves as personages or ghost as their imaginations will lead them. This bring them the satisfaction of being young.

5.万圣节的由来用英语怎么说?

the origin of Hallowmas 万圣节的由来 Halloween 是“万圣节前夕”

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