人教版八年级英语知识竞赛题_八年级英语下册人教版

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人教版八年级英语知识竞赛题



人教版八年级英语知识竞赛题



1.急求一些八年级英语智力题

1. A man builds a four-walled house. Each of the walls, on the outside, faces to south. The man looks out the window and sees a bear. What colour is the bear? 2. What's the missing letter? 3.Which is greater - half of quarter or quarter of half? 4.As they say, beggars can't be choosers, in fact bums take what they can get. A bum on the street can make one cigarette out of every 6 cigarette butts he finds. After one whole day of searching and checking public ashtrays the bum finds a total of 72 cigarette butts. How many cigarettes can he make and smoke from the butts he found? 5.In the group of letters below, cross out six letters so that the remaining letters, without altering their order, will spell a familiar word.
7. How do you write 1000 with eight 8s? 8. What is so fragile that when you say its "redTag" you break it? 9. A man and a woman are driving along a country road on a cold winter night when the car breaks down. Before leaving to find help, the man tells the woman not to open the doors or windows and not to let anybody in. He leaves, and she does as he says. When he returns, she is dead and there is a stranger in the car. What happened? 10. I have a tail, and I have a head, but I have no body. I am NOT a snake. What am I? 1.Answer: White. 2. Answer: F 3.Answer: Both are equal. 4.Answer: 14 5.Answer: BANANA 7. Answer: 888 88 8 8 8 = 1000 8.Answer: Silence 9.Answer: She was pregnant and gave birth in the car. The stranger was the baby, and she died during childbirth. 10.Answer: A coin 1. Which two letters of the alphabet are nothing? 2. What is it that walks on four legs to start with, then two legs and later, on three legs? 3. Two girls, born on the same day, at about the same time, in the same hospital, in the same year, with the same parents. How is it that they're not twins? 4. I have three letters, and I read the same forward and backwards. I rhyme with a word that is important to everyone. What word am I? 5. What is an insect, the first half of its "redTag" reveals another insect? 1.M T (empty!) 2.People! 3.They're part of triplets! 4.Eye! 5.Beetle!

2.八年级下册人教版的英语练习卷或练习题

初二英语学科下单元练习卷(一 I.单选题。 ( )1.—Would you give me to eat? -All right. something different B. different something C. anything different D. different anything ( )2. –There is little milk in the glass,____? —Yes. Shall I go and buy some? A. does there B. isn’t it C. is there D. isn’t there ( )3. Shall I get ___apple? —Yes, please. Other B. another C. others D. an other ( )4. –-Let’s go to the theatre this afternoon? —All right.__ shall we start? A. What time B. How C. Why D. What ( )5.—Who sings the best in your class?—Han Mei ___. A. is B. was C. does D. will be ( )6. –Would you like some more juice? -____.I like the juice very much. A. No, thanks B. Just a little, please C. Sorry, I don’t know D.I don’t want any ( )7. –English people eat a lot of beef. -_____. A. So we do B. So we are C. So do we D. So can we ( )8. Even in some big cities in China, you can find people _____ hamburgers. A. ate B. eats C. Eating D. to eat ( )9. The light in her room is on. She __ be in. A. can B. may C. must D. mustn’t ( )10. I think it’s __ nicer than that one. A. very B. much C. more D. most ( )11. It’s going to rain. Don’t stay__. A. in the air B. by air C. on the air D .in the open air ( )12. In China, people eat___. A. a lot of porks B. many pork C. much pork D. some porks ( )13. –I don’t like chicken __fish. -I don’t like chicken, either.___ I like fish very much. A. and, And B. and, But C. or, And D. or, But ( )14.—Do you think chocolate is good for your health?

3.八年级英语知识点

重点句型和短语
一、 have fun doing sth. 【句型介绍】 意为\"做某事有乐趣\",其中have fun 相当于enjoy oneself,表示过得愉快。 1. 英语中的集体名词,如family, class, team等作主语时,若作为一个整体看,其后的谓语动词用单数;若强调其组成成员,谓语动词用复数。如: My family is a happy one. 我家是个幸福的家庭。 My family are all watching TV. 我们全家人都在看电视。 2. 在比较级中,要注意than后面人称代词的格。 1 当句子中的谓语动词是不及物动词时,than后面的代词用主格还是宾格,在意思上通常没有区别。如: He runs faster than I / me. 他跑得比我快。 They get to school earlier than we / us every day. 他们每天都比我们到校早。 2)当句中的谓语动词是及物动词时,than后面的人称代词用主格还是宾格在意思上就有差别了。试比较: I like you more than he. (=I like you more than he likes you.) 我比他更喜欢你。 I like you more than him. (=I like you more than I like him.) 你和他相比,我更喜欢你。 3. 不定式作定语时,应放在被修饰词的后面,一般指一个还没有发生的动作。如: Do you have anything to say about this? 有关这件事你有没有什么要说的? 4. 在比较句型中,than后面的谓语动词常常省略。也可以用相应的助动词来代替与前面相同的谓语动词,以避免重复。如: Tom does better at the lessons than I (do). 汤姆功课比我好。 She ate less than I (did) for breakfast. 她早饭吃得比我少。 5. You\'d better ... 是You had better ... 的缩写形式。 had better 为固定短语,意为\"最好......\",后接动词原形,常用来提出建议或劝告,其否定形式是\"had better not 动词原形\"。如: You\'d better not stay there too long. 你最好别在那里呆得太久。 We had fun playing computer games. 我们玩电脑游戏很愉快。 【句式比较】 have a good / nice / wonderful time doing sth. 做某事有乐趣 Did you have a good / nice / wonderful time visiting that country? 访问那个国家你们快乐吗? 【特别提醒】 句中fun为不可数名词,表乐趣,前面不能加不定冠词。
二、 But I don\'t know what to do. 【句型介绍】 疑问词 不定式可作主语、宾语或表语。 I don\'t know how to get her help. 我不知道怎样才能得到她的帮助。 Where to buy this kind of seed is unknown to me. 我不知道去哪儿购买这种种子。 My question is when to leave for Tokyo. 我的问题是什么时候去东京。 【句式比较】 疑问词 不定式可转换成连词(原疑问词 引导的主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句。 I don\'t know where we can find her. 我不知道在哪儿能找到她。 How she will go there is still a secret. 她怎么去那里还是一个谜。 Her question is how she can pass the exam. 她的问题是她怎样才能通过这次考试。 【特别提醒】 疑问词 不定式转换成宾语从句时应用陈述语序。
三、 This is ... speaking. 【句型介绍】 该句为打电话用语,用来进行自我介绍,This代表我,speaking可以省去。 Hello! This is Tom (speaking). 你好,我是汤姆。 【句式比较】 Who is that (speaking)? 你是谁?that用来询问对方是谁,speaking可以省去。 Is that ... (speaking)? 你是......吗?that也用来询问对方是谁, speaking也可以省去。 This is Mary (speaking). Who is that (speaking)? 我是玛丽,你是谁? Is that Jane (speaking)? 你是詹妮吗? 【特别提醒】 this不能换成I, that不能换成you。
四、 hear sb. / sth. doing 【句型介绍】 意为\"听见某人 / 物正在做......\",句中doing为现在分词作宾语补足语,表示动作正在进行,强调一个过程。 Just then I heard someone crying \"Help! Help!\" 就在那时,我听见有人在喊\"救命啊!救命!\" 【句式比较】 hear sb. / sth. do sth. 听见某人 / 物做某事,句中do为不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语,表动作已经结束,强调一个结果。 I heard him sing three songs. 我听见他唱了三首歌。 hear sb. / sth. done听见某人 / 物被......,done为动词的过去分词作宾语补足语,强调被动。 Do you often hear this song sung by him? 你经常听见他唱这首歌吗? 【特别提醒】 在这些句型中的hear可换成see, feel, watch等感官动词。 初二1-7单元重点短语 作者:王宣玲
一、 名词短语 a waste of time 浪费(白费 时间 field trip 野外旅游 the day after tomorrow后天 Terra Cotta Warriors 兵马俑 Thanksgiving Day 感恩节 on Mid-autumn Day / Festival 在中秋节
二、 动词短语 go fishing 去钓鱼 go boating 去划船 go hiking 去徒步旅行 go on a picnic 去野餐 trip over (被...... 绊倒 hurry up 赶快 get home 回家 get together 相聚 agree with ... 同意......意见(想法 ;符合 ask for 请求;询问 come up 走近;发生;上来;流行 come over 过来;抓住
三、 介、副词短语 in the open air 在户外;在野外 on time 准时 at the front / back of 在前 / 后面 in front of 在......前面 in the country 在乡下 in town 在城里 on the left /right side 在左 / 右边 up and down 上上下下;来来回回
四、 其它短语 (not) ... any more再也不;不能再...... all the same 仍然; 还是 had better (do) 最好(做...... 八年级8-14单元重点句型 作者:郝昌明
一、I\'m sorry to hear that. 该句是对所听说的不幸事件的回答用语,含义为\"真遗憾;听到那件事我很难过\"。 -I didn\'t pass the exam. 我没通过这次考试。 -I\'m sorry to hear that. 真遗憾。 -My grandfather died yesterday. 我的祖父昨天去世了。 -I\'m sorry to hear that. 我很难过。
1. I\'m glad to hear that. 我真高兴听到那事。 -I have managed to buy a ticket for tonight\'s film. 我设法买到了今晚的电影票。 -I\'m (very glad to hear that. 真替你高兴。 2. Congratulations. 恭喜你。 -I\'ve just married a beautiful girl. 我刚刚娶了一位漂亮姑娘。 -Congratulations. 恭喜你。
二、be good for 意为\"有益于......\", for后面接名词。 Is swimming good for your health?游泳有益于你的身体健康吗? I think timely rain is good for the crops. 我认为适时地下雨对庄稼生长有好处。 be good to 对......友好;be good at 擅长...... She is always good to me. 她对我一直很友好。 She is good at singing popular songs. 她擅长唱流行歌曲。
三、ask sb. for sth. 意为\"向某人要某物\",sb.与sth.位置不得颠倒。 Can I ask you for help?你能帮帮我吗? To tell you the truth, when I have trouble, I always ask her for advice. 跟你说老实话,每当我有麻烦时总向她征求意见。 ask for sth. 要求得到某物;ask for sb.要求见某人 Yesterday he asked me for money. 昨天他向我要钱。 Did anybody ask for me during my absence?我不在的时候有人找过我吗?
四、be born in 意为\"出生于\",后接地点状语或时间状语。 He was born in a small town in 1995. 1995年他出生于一个小镇上。 In which city was he born in 1988?1988年他出生在哪一个城市? be born of出生于......家庭 It is said that he was born of a teacher\'s family. 据说他出生于教师的家庭。
五、good luck with sth. 祝贺用语,with后面接事物名词。 Good luck with your exam. 祝你考试好运。 Good luck with your journey. 祝你旅途顺利。 good luck to sb. 祝......好运 Good luck to you. 祝你好运。
六、get married to 意为\"和......结婚\",强调动作,若不接宾语,应省to。 She got married to a foreigner last year. 去年她和一个老外结了婚。 Did she get married last year?她是去年结婚的吗? be married to \"和......结婚\",强调状态。 She was married to Li Ping. 她嫁给了李平。 值得注意的是,get married to属终止性动词短语,不可和表示时间段的状语连用,但be married to却可以,因为它是持续性动词短语。
七、Would you like to ... ? 该句用来提出请求,含义为\"你愿意......吗\",to后面接动词原形。 Would you like to give me some help?你愿意给我提供一些帮助吗? Would you like to repair this bike for me?你愿意为我修这辆自行车吗? Will / Would you please ...?please后面应接动词原形,含义为\"你愿意......吗\"。 Will you please water these flowers?请你给这些花浇水,好吗? Would you please give me some money?你给我点儿钱,好吗?
八、Thanks a lot for ... 该句为感谢用语,含义为\"非常感谢......\",也可说成Thank you very much for ..., for为介词,后面可接名词、代词、动名词。 Thanks a lot for your kind help.感谢您友好的帮助。 Thank you very much for coming to see me.感谢你来看我。 be thankful to sb. for sth.因某事对某人感激 I\'m thankful to you for your kindness.感谢您的好意。
九、last from ... to ... 意为\"从......持续到......\",from和to后面均应接时间名词。 Our sports meeting will last from Friday to Sunday. 我们的运动会将从星期五持续到星期日。 Their summer camp will last from October 1st to November 1st. 他们的夏令营将从10月1日持续到11月1日。 go on to ... 延续到......
1、 Feel well/bad
2、 Wake up (somebody)—fall asleep
3、 As soon as
4、 Be busy doing/with something
5、 Stop doing/to do/somebody from doing
6、 Go down
7、 Have something to do
8、 Sleeping pills
9、 Be awake—be asleep
10、 Light music
11、 In the band
12、 Try something/doing something
13、 Try to do something
14、 A piece of music
15、 Again and again
16、 系动词:be/sound look seem smell taste feel/get turn become
17、 Look nice on
18、 Be/keep quiet
19、 Instead of something/doing
20、 Make trouble
21、 enough 名词/形容词或副词 enough
22、 Be thin/fat
23、 Nothing much wrong/nothing serious
24、 Look over
25、 At the weekend
26、 have been to 地点
27、 Land on
28、 Pull something out of/up from
29、 Keep something cool
30、 All by oneself=alone 3
1、 Perhaps=maybe 3
2、 No longer=no more=not any longer=not any more 3
3、 Get back/get something back 3
4、 Sooner or later 3
5、 Drop something 3
6、 Run after 3
7、 Run away 3
8、 Eat up 3
9、 On the bank 40、 A few-few 4
1、 A little-little 4
2、 A little=a bit 4
3、 Pass something to somebody=pass somebody something 4
4、 Help oneself to 4
5、 Hot food 4
6、 Seem to do/that 4
7、 Fast food 4
8、 Be popular with 4
9、 Enjoy/enjoy oneself 50、 Enjoy something/doing 5
1、 Have a taste/taste like 5
2、 In the city of 5
3、 Both of/both And B 5
4、 Either or/either of 5
5、 Neither nor/neither of 5
6、 Agree with/to 5
7、 With—with out 5
8、 Take away—home cooking 5
9、 Take a seat 60、 By the window 6
1、 Take one’s order 6
2、 Go/walk alone/up/down 6
3、 Go on 6
4、 Cross=go across 6
5、 Take the first crossing on the right=turn right at the first crossing 6
6、 At/in the corner 6
7、 Be sick/ill 6
8、 In hospital 6
9、 In the hospital 70、 Arrive at/in / get to / reach 7
1、 At the end of 7
2、 Feel like doing 7
3、 Look over 7
4、 Wake somebody up 7
5、 It takes somebody time to do 7
6、 Be wake—be strong 7
7、 Quite a long way 7
8、 Had better do/not do 7
9、 Be happy/sorry/sad to do 80、 Look around 8
1、 情态动词:can/can’t/may/must/mustn’t/have to 8
2、 Be sure about/of/to do/that 8
3、 In time/on time 8
4、 Make one’s way to 8
5、 The sign of 8
6、 Just then/just now 8
7、 Make a noise 8
8、 Stand a line 8
9、 Wait for one’s turn 90、 Stop doing/to do 9
1、 Jump the queue 9
2、 At the head of 9
3、 Laugh at 9
4、 Make a mistake 9
5、 Throw something about 9
6、 In fact 9
7、 At midnight 9
8、 Ring the door bell 9
9、 Complain about 100、 Quarrel with somebody 10
1、 Agree with somebody\\something 10
2、 Agree with something 10
3、 No longer (在句子中间) 10
4、 No more (在句子尾部) 10
5、 Not too bad 10
6、 Not at all 10
7、 在……时间之后 after (过去时)\\in (现在时) 10
8、 Wake somebody up 10
9、 Stop somebody from doing 1
10、 Spend on something 1
11、 Spend in doing 1
12、 So 助 主(做相同的事情) 1
13、 So 主 助(同意前者的说法) 参考资料: 1. Subject (主语) + Verb (谓语) 这种句型中的动词大多是不及物动词,这些动词常见的有:appear, apologize,arrive, come, die, disappear, exist, fall, happen, rise,等等。如: The students work very hard.学生们学习很努力。 She apologized to me again. 她再次向我道歉。 The accident happened yesterday evening.事故是昨天晚上发生的。 2. Subject (主语) + Link. V(系动词) + Predicate(表语) 这种句型中的系动词一般可分为下列两类:
(1)表示状态的连系动词。这些词有:be, look, seem, appear, smell, taste, sound, keep, remain, 等等。如: Several players lay flat on the playground.几个队员平躺在操场上。 We should remain modest and prudent any time.我们在任何时候都应该保持谦虚谨慎。 This kind of food tastes terrible.这种食物吃起来很糟糕。 The picture looks more beautiful at a certain distance.这幅画在一定的距离看更漂亮一些。
(2)表示转变或结果的系动词。这些词有:become, get, grow, turn, go, come, prove,等等。如: Spring comes. It is getting warmer and warmer.春天到了,天气变得越来越暖和。 Don't have the food. It has gone bad.不要吃那种食物,已经变质了。 The facts prove true.事实证明是正确的。 3. Subject(主语) + Verb (谓语) + Object (宾语) 这种句型中的动词应为及物动词或者可以后接宾语的动词短语。同时,句子中有时含有与宾语有关的状语。作宾语的成分常是:名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词或从句。如: You can put the books in your bag.你可以把书放在书包里。 Farmers in our area grow lots of vegetables.我们这里的农民种很多种蔬菜。 She lost the chance to make her appearance on the stage.她失去了在舞台上露面的机会。 I prefer to make web pages.我更喜欢做网页。 4. Subject(主语)+Verb(谓语)+ Indirect object(间接宾语)+Direct object (直接宾语) 这种句型中作间接宾语的常常指“人”,直接宾语常常指“物”。如: Yesterday her father bought her a bicycle as a birthday present.昨天她父亲给她买了一辆自行车作为生日礼物。 The old man is telling the children stories in the Long March.老人正在给孩子们讲长征中的故事。 这种句型还可转换为其他两种句型:1)动词 + 宾语 + for sb.; 2)动词 + 宾语+to sb.。如: Please show me your picture. -Please show your picture to me. 请把你的画给我看一下。 I'll offer you a good chance as long as you dont lose heart. —I'll offer a good chance for you as long as you don't lose heart. 只要你不失去信心,我会给你提供机会的。 5. Subject(主语)+Verb (动词)+Object (宾语)+Complement(补语) 这种句型中的宾语+ 补语可统称为“复合宾语”。担任补语的常常是名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、分词、动词不定式等。如: Keep the children quiet, please. 请让孩子们安静下来。 He painted the wall white. 他把墙漆成白色。 We found him an honest person.我们发现他是一个诚实的人。 His mother told him not to play on the street.他母亲告诉他不要在街上玩。 注意:动词have, make, let, see, hear, notice, feel, observe, watch等后面所接的动词不定式作宾补时,不带to。如: The boss made him do the work all day.老板让他整天做那项工作。 新目标英语八年级上笔记 Review of Unit 1-6 I. language goals (语言目标 1. Talk about how often you do things 谈论做事情的频率。 2. Talk about your health. Make suggestions. 谈论健康话题以及提出建议。 3. Talk about future plans. 谈论未来的计划/打算。 4. Talk about how to get to places. 谈论到达某地的方式。 5. Learn to make invitations, say yes to invitations and say no to invitations and give reasons. 学会发出,接受和拒绝邀请并说出原因。 6. Learn to talk about personal traits and how to compare people. 学会谈论个人品质以及如何比较人们。 II. Key Phrases (重点短语 : 1. how often 多长时间一次 2. junk food 垃圾食品 3. a lot of 许多 4. hardly ever 很少 5. start with 以…开始 6. try to do sth. 试着去做某事 7. look after 照料 8. be kind of unhealthy 有点不健康 9. once a day 一天一次 10. twice a month 一个月两次 11. be good for 对…有好处 12. once in a while 偶尔 13. see a doctor / dentist 看病/看牙医 14. get a cold / fever 感冒/发烧 15. have a stomachache 肚子疼 16. have a toothache 牙疼 17. have a sore throat 嗓子疼 18. lie down and rest 躺下休息 19. drink hot tea with honey 喝加蜂蜜的热茶 20. be stressed out 紧张 21. listen to … 听… 22. get tired 变的疲劳 23. keep healthy 保持健康 24. at the moment 此刻;目前 25. watch TV 看电视 26. play basketball 打篮球 27. babysit her sister 照看她的妹妹 28. visit my friend 拜访我的朋友 29. relax at home 在家放松 30. sports camp 运动野营 31. something interesting 32. go hiking / camping / fishing / shopping / sightseeing 去徒步旅行/野营/钓鱼/购物/观光 33. go away 离开 34. get back to school 返回学校 35. stay for a week 呆一个星期 36. go bike riding 骑自行车兜风 37. takes walks 散步 38. rent videos 租录像带 39. sleep a lot 睡得多 40. think about 考虑 41. take the subway / bus / boat / plane 乘地铁/公共车/小船/飞机 42. get to 到达 43. go by bus / plane / boat 乘公共车/飞机/小船 44. train / subway / bus station 火车/地铁/公共车站 45. bus ride 乘公共车的旅行 46. ride a bike 骑自行车 47. bus stop 公共汽车站 48. on foot 步行 49. leave for 离开去… 50. school bus 学校班车 51. the early bus 早班车 52. be different from 与…不同 53. half past six 六点半 54. in North America 在北美洲 55. a quick breakfast 快捷的早餐 56. need to do 需要做… 57. more than 多于 58. play soccer 踢足球 59. baseball game 棒球比赛 60. school team 校队 61. come over to 过来到… 62. the day after tomorrow 后天 63. be good at 擅长于… 64. two years ago 两年前 65. be outgoing 外向的 66. all the time 一直 67. in some ways 在一些方面 68. look the same 看起来一样 69. talk to everyone 与大家谈话 70. make me laugh 使我笑 III. Key Sentence Structures 重要句型: Unit 1: 1. -What do you usually do on weekends? -I usually go to the movies. 2. -What does he sometimes do on weekends? -He sometimes surfs the Internet. 3. How often do you exercise? I exercise once a week. 4. How often does she eat vegetables? She eats vegetables three times a day. 5. Most of the students go to the beach every year. 6. It makes a big difference to my grades. 7. My eating habits are pretty good. Unit 2: 1. What’s the matter? What’s wrong? What’s the trouble? 2. I’m not feeling well. I have a cold / fever/ stomachache / sore throat. /I have a lot of headaches. 3. Maybe you should see the doctor / dentist. You should drink some hot tea with honey. 4. You shouldn’t eat anything for 24 hours. 5. Don’t get stressed out. It will make you sick. 6. I’m sorry to hear that you are not feeling well. Unit 3 1. -What is she doing for vacation? -She is babysitting her little sister. -That sounds nice / interesting. 2. -When are you going? -I’m going on Monday. 3. -Where are they going? -They are going to Tibet. 4. -Who is she going with? -She is going with her parents. 5. -How long is he staying. -He is staying for a week. 6. -How is the weather there? -I’m hoping the weather will be nice. 7. He is leaving for Hong Kong the first week in June. 8. Have a good time. Unit 4: 1. -How do you get to school? -I get to school by bus. 2. -How does he go to work? -He usually walks to school. 3. -How long does it take? -It takes about twenty minutes. 4. -How far is it from his home to school? -It’s three miles. 5. What do you think of the transportation in your town? Unit 5: 1. -Can you come to my party on Wednesday? -Sure, I’d love to. / I’m sorry, I have to have a piano lesson. 2. -Can she go to the movies on Saturday? -No, she can’t. She has to help her mom. 3. -Can you go to the concert on Monday? -When is it? -It’s at four o’clock on Friday. 4. Thanks a lot for the invitation. 5. I’m going to study for a test this evening. 6. What’s the date today?

4.求八年级上册人教版英语复习提纲~!急~!!!

英语没有 给你物理的吧 人教版八年级物理上复习提纲 (1 声现象 1.物理学是研究声、光、热、电、力等的物理现象。 2.声音是由物体的振动产生的。声音的传播需要介质。真空不能传递声音。 3.声音的三大特性:
①音调:由物体振动的频率决定,频率越快,音调越高。
②响度:由物体振动的幅度决定,振幅越大,响度越大。
③音色:由物体的材料和结构决定,不同物体的音色不同。 4.人们听到声音的基本过程:
①鼓膜的振动 → 听小骨及其他组织 → 听觉神经→ 大脑
②颌骨、头骨 → 听觉神经 → 大脑 5.声音的作用:传递信息和传递能量(能举例说明 6.凡是影响人们正常的学习和生活的声音都是噪声。为了保护听力,声音不能超过90dB;为了保证工作和学习,声音不能超过70dB;为了保证休息和睡眠,声音不能超过50 dB。 (2 物态变化 1.温度:物体的冷热程度叫温度。单位:摄氏度( ℃ 规定:冰水混合物的温度 ―― 0℃ ; 沸水的温度 ―― 100℃ 2.温度计的原理:利用液体的热胀冷缩性质制成的。常用的液体有水银、酒精、煤油等。 3.温度计的使用:一看:使用前要先看清温度计的量程和分度值;二放:玻璃泡全部浸没在液体中,不能碰到容器底和容器壁; 三读: ○1待温度计示数稳定后再读数; ○2读数时玻璃泡不能离开液面; ○3读数时眼睛要与温度计液柱上表面相平。 4.体温计:量程:35℃~42℃;分度值:0.1℃ ; 使用前要将水银甩下去。 5.物态变化物质由固态变成液态的过程叫熔化;熔化要吸热。 物质由液态变成固态的过程叫凝固;凝固要放热。 物质由液态变成气态的过程叫汽化;汽化要吸热。物质由气态变成液态的过程叫液化;液化要放热。物质由固态变成气态的过程叫升华;升华要吸热。物质由气态变成固态的过程叫凝华;凝华要放热。 6.常见的晶体有冰、海波、各种金属;非晶体有蜡、沥青、松香、玻璃等。要求能判别出晶体与非晶体的熔化和凝固图象。 7.晶体在熔化过程中要吸热,但温度不变;在凝固过程中要放热,但温度不变;同种晶体的熔点和凝固点相同。非晶体在熔化过程中要吸热,温度不断上升;在凝固过程中要放热,温度不断下降。 8.汽化有两种方式:沸腾和蒸发。 ○1沸腾: a.定义:在一定温度下,在液体表面和内部同时发生的剧烈汽化现象。 b.沸腾条件:
①达到沸点;
②继续吸热。 c.沸腾时的特点:液体在沸腾时要吸热,但温度不变 ○2蒸发: a.定义:在任何温度下,只发生在液体表面的气化现象。 b.影响蒸发快慢的因素: 液体表面空气流动的快慢:空气流动越快,蒸发越快; 液体温度的高低:温度越高,蒸发越快; 液体表面积的大小:表面积越大,蒸发越快。 c.蒸发有致冷的作用。 8.液化有两种方式:降低温度和压缩体积 9.能解释日常生活中各种物态变化现象。如:雾、露水、霜、冰雹、雪的形成、各种“白气”、窗边的冰花、卫生球变小、灯管变黑、灯丝变细、冰化成水、铁水涛成钢件等。 10.水的沸点与大气压有关:气压越高,沸点越高。(海拔越高,气压越高,沸点越高。 1 声现象 1.物理学是研究声、光、热、电、力等的物理现象。 2.声音是由物体的振动产生的。声音的传播需要介质。真空不能传递声音。 3.声音的三大特性:
①音调:由物体振动的频率决定,频率越快,音调越高。
②响度:由物体振动的幅度决定,振幅越大,响度越大。
③音色:由物体的材料和结构决定,不同物体的音色不同。 4.人们听到声音的基本过程:
①鼓膜的振动 → 听小骨及其他组织 → 听觉神经→ 大脑
②颌骨、头骨 → 听觉神经 → 大脑 5.声音的作用:传递信息和传递能量(能举例说明 6.凡是影响人们正常的学习和生活的声音都是噪声。为了保护听力,声音不能超过90dB;为了保证工作和学习,声音不能超过70dB;为了保证休息和睡眠,声音不能超过50 dB。 (2 物态变化 1.温度:物体的冷热程度叫温度。单位:摄氏度( ℃ 规定:冰水混合物的温度 ―― 0℃ ; 沸水的温度 ―― 100℃ 2.温度计的原理:利用液体的热胀冷缩性质制成的。常用的液体有水银、酒精、煤油等。 3.温度计的使用:一看:使用前要先看清温度计的量程和分度值;二放:玻璃泡全部浸没在液体中,不能碰到容器底和容器壁; 三读: ○1待温度计示数稳定后再读数; ○2读数时玻璃泡不能离开液面; ○3读数时眼睛要与温度计液柱上表面相平。 4.体温计:量程:35℃~42℃;分度值:0.1℃ ; 使用前要将水银甩下去。 5.物态变化物质由固态变成液态的过程叫熔化;熔化要吸热。 物质由液态变成固态的过程叫凝固;凝固要放热。 物质由液态变成气态的过程叫汽化;汽化要吸热。物质由气态变成液态的过程叫液化;液化要放热。物质由固态变成气态的过程叫升华;升华要吸热。物质由气态变成固态的过程叫凝华;凝华要放热。 6.常见的晶体有冰、海波、各种金属;非晶体有蜡、沥青、松香、玻璃等。要求能判别出晶体与非晶体的熔化和凝固图象。 7.晶体在熔化过程中要吸热,但温度不变;在凝固过程中要放热,但温度不变;同种晶体的熔点和凝固点相同。非晶体在熔化过程中要吸热,温度不断上升;在凝固过程中要放热,温度不断下降。 8.汽化有两种方式:沸腾和蒸发。 ○1沸腾: a.定义:在一定温度下,在液体表面和内部同时发生的剧烈汽化现象。 b.沸腾条件:
①达到沸点;
②继续加热。 c.沸腾时的特点:液体在沸腾时要吸热,但温度不变 ○2蒸发: a.定义:在任何温度下,只发生在液体表面的气化现象。 b.影响蒸发快慢的因素: 液体表面空气流动的快慢:空气流动越快,蒸发越快; 液体温度的高低:温度越高,蒸发越快; 液体表面积的大小:表面积越大,蒸发越快。 c.蒸发有致冷的作用。 8.液化有两种方式:降低温度和压缩体积 9.能解释日常生活中各种物态变化现象。如:雾、露水、霜、冰雹、雪的形成、各种“白气”、窗边的冰花、卫生球变小、灯管变黑、灯丝变细、冰化成水、铁水涛成钢件等。 10.水的沸点与大气压有关:气压越高,沸点越高。(海拔越高,气压越高,沸点越高。 (3 光现象 1. 光在真空中的传播速度: c = 3 × 10 8 m/s 2.声音在空气中传播速度: v = 340 m/s 3.元电荷: e =
1.6 × 10 C19 C 二.要点知识 1.光在同种均匀介质中沿直线传播。(如:激光引导掘进隧道、日食、月食的形成、影子的形成、瞄准时用到的“三点一线”、小孔成像等都是运用光的直线传播原理得到的。 2.光源: ○1自然光源:如水母、太阳、萤火虫等。 ○2人造光源:如电灯、手电筒、蜡烛等。(注意:不月亮是光源 3.光的三原色:红、绿、蓝。 4.光在任何物体的表面都会发生反射。 5.光的反射定律:
①入射光线、法线、反射光线在同一平面内(三线同面
②入射光线、反射光线分居法线两侧。
③反射角i=入射角r 光的折射规律:
①光从空气进入其他介质时,折射光线向法线偏折。
②光从其他介质进入空气时,折射光线远离法线。平面镜成像特点:
①像与物体的大小相等(等大
②像到平面镜的距离等于物到平面镜的距离(等距
③像与物体的连线与平面镜垂直。(垂直
④平面镜成的像是虚像。(虚像 6.在光的反射现象和折射现象中,光路都是可逆的。 7.反射有两种:镜面反射和漫反射(能举例说明 8.红外线的作用 紫外线的作用。
① 红外线摇控
①杀菌作用
②红外线夜视仪
②使荧光物质发光来判断物质的真假
③探测病人的健康情况
③促进维生素D的合成,帮助钙的吸收 9.光谱太阳光分解成为:红、橙、黄、绿、蓝、靛、紫。 (4 透镜及其应用 1.凸透镜:中间厚,边缘薄。 2.凹透镜:中间薄,边缘厚。 3.凸透镜对光有会聚作用,凹透镜对光有发散作用。 4.能找出主光轴、焦点、焦距。 5.物距(u →物体到凸透镜的距离。像距(v →像到凸透镜的距离。凸透镜成像规律:物距与焦距关系 像距与焦距关系 像的正、倒 像的大、小 像的虚、实 u2f fv2f 倒立 缩小 实像 u=2f v=2f 倒立 等大 实像 fu2f v2f 倒立 放大 实像 u=2f 不 成 像 uf 无限远 正立 放大 虚像结论: 一焦分虚实,二焦分大小。物近像远像变大,物远像近像变小。实像都是倒立的,虚像都是正立的。 6.照相机: u f 成倒立、缩小的实像。 幻灯机:f u 2f 成倒立、放大的实像。 放大镜: u < f 成正立、放大的虚像。 显微镜: 目镜:起放大作用;物镜:f u 2f 成倒立、放大的实像 望远镜:目镜: 起放大作用;物镜:u 2f , 成倒立、放大的实像。 7.知道近视眼和远视眼形成的原因。 矫正:近视眼用凹透镜矫正(凹透镜为负 ;远视眼用凸透镜矫正(凸透镜为正 。 8.透镜焦度:Φ=1 / f ( f →焦距

5.人教版八年级上英语阅读题

太模糊了,看不清。拍照技术不行,这就是为什么10分钟了也没有人给答案。建议你传个清晰点的图片。


八年级英语下册人教版



1.初二人教版下册英语..

资料多,放不下 新目标八年级(上 英语复习提纲(全套) Unit 1: How often do you exercise? 1. go to the movies 去看电影 2. look after = take care of 照顾 3. surf the internet 上网 4. healthy life 健康的生活方式 5. go skate boarding 去划板 6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康 7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼 8. eating habits 饮食习惯 9. take more exercise 做更多的运动 10. the same as 与什么相同 11. be different from 不同 12. once a month一月一次 13. twice a week一周两次 14. make a difference to 对什么有影响 15. how often 多久一次 16. although = though虽然 17. most of the students=most students 18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物 19. as for至于 20. activity survey活动调查 21. do homework做家庭作业 22. do house work做家务事 23. eat less meat吃更少的肉 24. junk food垃圾食物 25. be good for 对什么有益 26. be bad for对什么有害 27. want to do sth 想做某事 28. want sb to do sth想某人做某事 29. try to do sth 尽量做某事 30. come home from school放学回家 31. of course = certainly = sure当然 32. get good grades取得好成绩 33. some advice 34. hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不 35. keep/be in good health保持健康 stressed紧张的,有压力的 37. take a vacation 去度假 48.get back 回来 Unit 2 What’s the matter? 1. Have a cold 感冒 2. sore back 背痛 3. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进 4. I have a stomachache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomachache = There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach 5. What’s the matter? 怎么了? = What’s the trouble (with you)? = What’s your trouble? = What’s wrong (with you)? = What’ the matter (with you)? =What has happened to you? = Is there anything wrong (with you)? = what’s up? 6. sore throat 咽喉痛 7. lie down and rest 躺下休息 8. see a dentist 看牙医 9. drink lots of water 多喝水 10. hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的热茶 11.That’s a good idea 好主意 12.That’s too bad 太糟糕了 13.I think so 我认为如此 14. I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服 = I’m not feeling fine/all right. = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well. 15. get some rest 多休息 16. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道 17. stressed out 筋疲力尽 18. I am tired 我累了 He is tired. 他累了 19. a healthy life健康的生活方式 20. traditional Chinese doctors传统中医 21. a balance of yin and yang阴阳调和 22. you have too much yin.你阴气太盛 23. to eat a balance diet饮食平衡 24. healthy food 健康食品 25. stay healthy 保持健康 =keep healthy=keep in good health = keep fit 26. enjoy oneself (myself, yourself, herself, himself, themselves, ourselves, itself 反身代词) 玩得高兴,过得愉快 =have a good time = have a wonderful time = have fun 27. enjoy sth. =like sth. (名词)喜欢某物, enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事=like dong sth practice doing sth.练习做某事, mind doing sth. 介意做某事, finish doing sth.完成某事, give up doing sth.放弃做某事, can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事, keep ding sth. 坚持做某事. (keep on doing sth. / keep sb. doing sth. be busy doing sth. 忙着做某事 be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事 make a contribution to doing sth.为..做贡献 go on doing sth. 继续做某事 forget doing sth.忘记做某事 remember doing sth. 记得做某事 spend....(in) doing sth. 花(时间 来做某事 prefer doing doing sth.比起(做... 来更愿意(做... 28. at the moment = now 此刻 29. Host family 东道家庭 30. Conversation practice会话练习 31. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过 Unit 3 What are you doing for vacation? 1. babysit one’s sister 照顾妹妹 2. visit one’s grandmother 看望奶奶 3. spend time with friends 和朋友们一起度过时光 4. visit cousins 看望表弟等 5. go to sports camp 去运动野营 6. o to the beach 去海滩 7. go camping 去野营 8. Go shopping 去买东西 9. go swimming 去游泳 10. go boating去划船 11. go skating 去溜冰 12. go walking去散步 13. go climbing 去登山 14. go dancing去跳舞 15. go hiking 去徒步远足 16. go sightseeing 去观光 17. go house-hunting 去找房子 18. o on a hike 徒步旅行, go bike riding 骑自行车旅行, go fishing 去钓鱼 19. do some shopping 买东西 20. do some washing 洗衣服 21. do some cooking 作饭 22. do some reading 读书 23. do some speaking训练口语 24. do some sewing 做缝纫活 25. that sounds nice 那好极了 26. at home 在家 27. how about=what about ……怎么样? 28. how long 多长时间 29. how far 多远 30. how often 多长时间一次 31. how much, how many 多少 32. have a good time =have fun= have a wonderful time = enjoy oneself 玩得高兴,过得愉快 33. show sb. Sth.=show sth. to sb.出示某物给某人看 give me the book=give the book to me 给我书, pass me the cup=pass the cup to me 把杯子递给我, sell me the house=sell the house to me 把房子卖给我 buy me a book =buy a book for me 给我买书, make me a cake = make a cake for me给我做蛋糕 34. get back=come back回来 35. rent videos租借影碟 36. take walks=go for a walk散步 37. think about 考虑 38. decide on= decide upon决定一个计划 39. something different 不同的事情 40.a great vacation 一个愉快的假期 41. I can’t wait 我等不及了 42. the famous movie star 著名的影星 43. an exciting vacation 激动人心的假期 44. Ask her about her plans 向她询问她的计划 ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事 45. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事 Unit 4 How do you get to school? 1. get to school 到校 2. get home 到家 3. how about=what about …….怎么样? 4. take the subway 乘地铁 5. ride a bike 骑自行车 6. take the bus乘公共汽车 7. take the train乘火车 8. take a taxi乘坐出租车 9. go in a parent’s car 坐父母的车 10. by bike, bike bus, by subway, by taxi, by car, by train (乘坐……车,放在句尾) 11. have a quick breakfast 迅速吃早饭 12. the early bus 早班车
13. how far多远 14. take sb. to sp.带某人到某处 15. doing sth. takes sb. Some time/ money =It takes sb. some time/money to do sth. =sb. spends some time/money (on sth.) =sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth. =sth. costs sb. some time/money =sb. pay some money for sth. 花费某人多少时间/金钱做某事/某人花费多少金钱/时间做某事 16. bus stop公共汽车站,train station火车站, subway station地铁站,bus station客运站 17. want to do sth.想做某事 18. walk to school 步行上学 19. in North America 在北美 20. in other parts of the world 在世界的其他地区 21. depend on=depend upon 依靠,靠……决定 22. not all 不是所有的 23. need to do sth.需要做某事 24. number of students学生数 25. a number of=many 许多 number前可用large, great, small修饰其谓语是复数 26. the number of….的数量,谓语是单数 27. don’t worry(about sth./sb.)别着急(为某人/事担心 28. around the world= all over the world世界各地,全世界 Unit 5 Can you come to my party? 1. come to one’s party 参加某人的聚会 2. on Saturday afternoon 在星期六的下午 3. I’d love to 我非常乐意 4. I’m sorry 对不起 5. study for a test为测验而学习 6. go to the doctor 去看医生 7. visit one’s aunt 看望某人的姑姑 8. have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课 10. too much homework 太多家庭作业 11. much too interesting 有趣得多 12. maybe another time 也许下一次吧 13.Thanks for asking(inviting 谢谢邀请 14. go to the baseball game 参加棒球比赛 15. Birthday Party 生日聚会 16. go to the mall 去购物中心 17. soccer practice 足球练习 18. look for 寻找 19. find out 找到,弄清楚,查明 20. study for the math test 为数学考试而学习 21. play tennis with me 和我一起打网球 22. I have a really busy week 我一周很忙 23. football match足球比赛 24. my cousin’s birthday party 我表弟的生日聚会 25. write soon 尽快回信 26. study for my science test 为科学考试而学习 27. 给某人打电话的几种说法: call sb. up, call sb. phone sb., phone to sb. telephone sb. telephone to sb. phone sb. up,ring sb. give sb. a ring, give sb. a phone make a telephone call to sb. 28. on Thursday night 星期四晚上 29. be (go) on vacation 度假 30. next week下周 31. join sb.加入某人一起 32. Please keep quiet! 请保持安静, keep 形容词表示“保持某种状态”, keep (sb.) doing 表示“(使某人 不停地做某事”, keep sth. 保存某物 34. culture club 文化俱乐部 35. try to do sth. 努力(企图 做某事, try doing sth.试着做某事,try one’ best to do sth. 尽力做某事 unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister. 1. long hair 长头发 2. How are you? 你身体好吗? 3. How old 多大年纪4. how tall 多高 5. how long ago多久前(的事 6.more outgoing 比较外向 7. want/plan to do sth. 意欲,企图 8. here are photos of me 这是我的照片 9. as you can see 正如你所看到的 10. in some ways在某些地方 11. we look the same我们看起来一样, They look different他们看起来不同 12. the same to ……多……是一样的 13. quite the same 完全一样 14. all the same 还是, 同样应…… 15. look like 看起来像….一样,而look same 看起来很像 16. go to lots of parties经常参加聚会=often go to the party 17. a little taller 高一点 18. take sth. from sth. 从某处拿/取出某物 19. put sth. in sth. 将某物放入某物中 20. make a list of 列出清单 21. has cool clothes 有漂亮的衣服 22. is popular in school 在学校受欢迎 23. is good at sports 擅长体育 24. make me laugh 使我发笑 25. that’s not very important for me 那对我来说并不重要 ( be important for sb.) 26. put up举起,抬起,挂起,张贴,建造; put on穿上,戴上,上演(戏剧 ; put down=write down=copy down 写下来; put out 伸出,扑灭; put away 收起来,收好; put off推迟; put one’s heart into…全神贯注于……,全身心投入…… 27. opposite views 相反的观点 28. a weekend teacher 周末教师 29. Abacus Study Center 珠算研究中心 30. elementary school students 小学生 31. be good with children 善于与孩子相处 32. have good grades 成绩出色 33. enjoy telling jokes 喜欢讲笑话 34. can’t stop talking 不能停止讲话 35. help others 帮助别人,help each other互相帮助 36. in one’s free time在业余时间 37. one of 复数名词(代词 ……其中之一 38. use sth. to do sth.=do sth.. with sth. 使用…做… 39. be/feel sorry for sb. 为某事感到同情或难受; be / feel sorry for sth. 因某事感到抱歉或后悔; be sorry to see/hear 听到或看到某种情况很不安或难过; say sorry to sb.向某人道歉 40. begin with 从……开始 41. next to 在……旁边,紧靠…… 42. be famous for 因… 而著名,因……而广为人知; be famous as 作为……而知名 43. all together 总计,总共 44. make sb. do sth. 让/使某人做某事, 相似的用法有几个感官动词see, let, hear, watch, feel等 Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk smoothie? 1. make a banana smoothie 制作香蕉混合饮料(思木西) 2. peel the bananas 剥香蕉 3. cut up the bananas切碎香蕉 4. pour the milk in the blender 将牛奶倒入搅拌器 5. turn on the blender 打开搅拌器电源 6. put the yogurt in the blender将酸奶放入搅拌器 7. turn off 关上,(turn on 打开) turn up旋大(灯火等 ,开大(煤气等 调高(声音等 , turn down 把(灯火、电器等 关小一点 8. how much cinnamon多少肉桂 9. one teaspoon of cinnamon 一茶匙肉桂 10. make fruit salad 制作水果沙拉 11. two pieces of bread 两片面包 12. mix it all up 将它们混合在一起 14. turkey slices 火鸡肉片, a slice of bread一片面包 13. takes turns doing sth, take turns to do sth.=do sth. in turns 轮流做某事 15. slices of duck 烤鸭片 16. roll pancake 卷上薄饼 17. make faces 作鬼脸 make friends with 与……交朋友 make a noise吵闹, make mistakes犯错误, make the bed整理床铺 make one’s way to往…走去, make room for给…腾出地方 18. it’s easy to do sth. 做某事容易 it’s hard (difficult) to do sth.做某事难, It’s necessary to do sth.做某事必要 19. put sth, in order 将某些东西按顺序排列 20. a recipe for ……的烹调方法, ……的 Unit 8 How was your school trip? 1. talk about 谈论,talk over谈论 2. give a talk 作报告 3. have a talk to (with) sb.与某人谈话 4. go to the beach去海滩 5. have ice cream吃冰淇淋 6. go to the zoo去动物园 7. go to the aquarium去水族馆 8. hang out with one’s friends和朋友闲逛 9. take photos=take a photo=take pictures=take a picture照相 10. buy a souvenir买纪念品 11. have pizza吃比萨饼 12. a famous actor著名的演员 13. get one’s autograph得到了某人的亲笔签名 14. win a prize赢得奖品(奖项 15. at the aquarium 在水族馆 16. have a great time玩得高兴,过得愉快 17. on the school trip在学校的旅游 18. Blue Water Aquarium蓝色水族馆 19. the Visitors’ Center游客中心 20.a dolphin show海豚表演 21. after that 后来 22. at the end of…在……结束的时候,在……的尽头 23. the Gift Shop礼品店 24. at the beginning of…在..开始的时候 25. a terrible school trip糟糕的学校旅行 26. that sounds interesting那听起来很有趣 27. make up a story编一个故事 28. go for a drive 开车兜风 30. in the rain在雨中 in the dark在黑暗中\ in the sun在阳光下 in the snow在雪中 31. take notes of=write down=copy down 写下,记下 32. have fun doing sth.很快乐的做某事 33. play computer games打电脑游戏 34. for sale 供销售 35. see you soon盼望很快见到你 36. in one’s opinion据某人看来,某人的观点上看 37. win the first prize获得了一等奖 38.a famous basketball player著名的篮球运动员 39. in the future在将来,今后 40. can’t help doing sth.忍不住做某事 41. the story goes that…据说…… 42. a busy day off 繁忙的假日, in one’s off hours在某人的休息时间 the off season淡季 43. none of… ……当中没有一个 44. a heavy rain 一阵大雨 a light rain一阵小雨 a fine rain 一阵细雨 44. all day = all day long 整天 all night = all night long整夜 Unit 9 When was he born? 1. ping-pong player乒乓球运动员 2. a great Chinese ping-pong player中国杰出的乒乓球运动员 3. start hiccupping 开始打嗝 4. too… to…太……,而不…… 5. write music谱写曲子 6. a movie star电影明星 7. learn to ride a bicycle学会骑自行车 8. start learning开始学英语 9. begin playing sports 开始进行体育运动 10. a loving grandfather慈爱的祖父 11. spend all one’s free time with sb.与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间 12. a famous violinist 著名的小提琴手 13. ice skating滑冰 14. a kind and loving grandmother和蔼而慈爱的祖母 15. a skating champion 滑冰冠军 16. the famous Chinese pianist中国著名的钢琴演奏家 17. a small boy(girl)孩提时期 18. at the age of…在……年龄时 19. take part in参加、加入 20. begin to learn the accordion开始学习手风琴 21. major in 主修,专修 22. start for a place=leave for a place动身去… 23. because of 因为、由于

2.新目标英语八年级下册单词表

Unit 1 robot n. 机器人 paper n. 纸 use v. 使用,利用 less adj. (little的比较级)较少,较小 fewer adj.(fewer的比较级)较少数,较少的 pollution n. 污染 tree n. 树 building n. 建筑物 astronaut n. 太空人,宇航员 rocket n. 火箭 space n. 空间 fly v. 飞行 took v. take的过去式 moon n. 月球,月亮 fall v. 落下,跌落,变为 fell v. fall 的过去式 alone adj. 单独的,孤独的 pet n. 宠物 pat v. 轻拍 parrot n. 鹦鹉 probably adv. 大概,或许 suit n. 一套衣服 able adj. 能够,有能力的 dress v. 穿衣 casually adv. 偶然地,随便地 which pron. 哪个,哪几个 even adv. 甚至 myself pron. 我自己,我亲自,我本人 interview v. 面试,面谈 predict v. 预知,预言 future n. 未来,将来 prediction n. 预言,预报 came v. come的过去式 company n. 公司 thought v. think的过去式和过去分词 fiction n. 小说 unpleasant adj. 使人不愉快的 scientist n. 科学家 however conj. 然而,可是 hundred n. 一百 already adv. 早已,先前 factory n. 工厂 simple adj. 简单的,简易的 such adj. 这样的,这种 bored adj. 厌烦的,厌倦的 everywhere adv. 各处,到处 human n. 人,人类 shape n. 外形,形状 snake n. 蛇 earthquake n. 地震 possible adj. 可能的 electric adj. 电的,导电的 toothbrush n. 牙刷 seem v. 象是,似乎 impossible adj. 不可能的,不会发生的 housework n. 家务,家务事 rating n. 等级级别 Sally n. 萨利(女子名) Alexis n. 亚历克西斯 Joe n. 乔 Unit 2 play v. 播放 loud adj. 高声的,大声的 argue v. 争论,争吵 wrong adj. 错误的,有毛病的,不适合的 n. 风格 could v. can 的过去式 should v. aux. 应该 ticket n. 票,入场券 surprise n. 惊奇,诧异,惊人之事 okay adj. 好的 either adj. 任一的,(两方中的)每一方的 bake v. 烘焙,烤 tutor n. 家庭教师 original adj. 新颖的 nicer adj.(nice的比较级)更好的 haircut n. 理发,发型 except prep. 除,把...除外 upset adj. 心烦的,沮丧的 fail v. 失败 football n. 足球 until prep. 到……为止 fit v. 适合,适应 pressure n. 压力 complain v. 抱怨,控诉 include v. 包括,包含 pushy adj. 固执己见的,一意孤行的 send v. 寄,发送 compare v. 比较 crazy adj. 疯狂的,狂热的 themselves pron. 他们自己 adult n. 成年人 organized adj. 有组织的 Eve n. 伊夫(女子名) Anna n. 安娜 Dennis n. 丹尼斯(男子名) Maria n. 玛丽亚(女子名) Julian.朱莉娅(女子名) Erin n. 叶尔伦(女子名) Nicole n. 尼科尔(女子名) Emilio n. 艾米利奥(男子名) Alice Green n. 艾丽丝·格林 Cathy Miller n. 凯茜·米勒 Linda Miller n. 琳达·米勒 注:本文件未完,若需查阅完整文件,请到 /Article/download/Index.html下载。

3.八年级下册英语

八年级下 Unit1 1. 免费 be free 3. 活到200岁 live to be 200 years old 5. 更少的污染 less pollution 7. 更少地使用地铁 use the subway less 9. 更多的高楼 more tall buildings 11. 十年后 in ten years 13. 住的地方 places to live 15. 住在太空站 live on the space station 17. 住在公寓 live in an apartment 19. 一个人住 live alone/by oneself 21. 去滑冰 go skating 23. 看起来很时髦 look smart 25. 穿着随意 dress casually 27. 实现 come true 29. 在未来 in the future 八年级下 Unit 2 argued with sb. 与某人生气 have an argument with sb.与某人生气 out of "COLOR:#000000;BACKGROUND-COLOR:#ffff00" 不时髦的 in "COLOR:#000000;BACKGROUND-COLOR:#ffff00" 时髦的 keep out 不让……进入 call sb. up 打电话给…… on the phone 用电话交谈 pay for 付款 part-time job 兼职工作 Teen Talk 青少年论坛 the same as 与…同样的 get on 相处 as much as possible 尽可能多 all kinds of 各种 on the other hand一方面 borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物 found out 找出 is popular at school 在学校受欢迎 except me 除了我 have a quick supper 去吃快餐 not……until 直到……才 try to do 试着去做 complain about doing sth.抱怨做某事 seem to do comparing…with 把…与…做比较 think for 为…着想 find it adj. to do sth.发现做某事很怎样 learn to do 学会做某事 八年级下 Unit 3 barber shop 理发店 get out 出去 take off 起飞 train station 火车站 come in 进来 Beijing International Airport北京国际机场 hear about 听说 take place 发生 World Trade Center世界贸易中心 as…as 和…一样 in front of 在…的前面 clean my room打扫我的房间 sleep late 睡懒觉 make a smooth做思木西 cook dinner 做晚饭 eat lunch 吃中午饭 cut hair 剪头发 have…experience有…经历 in the morning 在早晨 walk down 走下来 very surprised 非常惊奇 souvenir shop 纪念品商店 TV station 电视台 in the museum 在博物馆 climb a tree 爬树 jump down 跳下 take a photo 照相 called the police报警 rode his bicycle 骑自行车 buy a newspaper买一份报纸 run away 逃跑 think about 考虑…做某事 for example 举例子 heard about 听说 having fun 玩的高兴 in silence 在… told us 告诉我们 in space 在太空 over the world遍及全世界 became famous因…而出名 next to 挨着 1. arrive at/in 2. a TV reporter 3. in front of 4. in the front of 5. get out of 6. sleep late 7. in(at) the library 8. the Museum of Flight 9. buy a souvenir 10. call the police 11. call the TV station 12. call the newspaper 13. take off 14. an unusual experience 15. jump down from 16. take photos of 17. too scared 18. walk to school 19. in the tree 20. on the tree 21. police officer 22. at the doctor’s 23. go shopping( do some shopping) 24. a barber shop 25. on/in the playground 26. ten minutes ago 27. in silence 28. keep silent/quiet 29. take place 30. become a national hero 31. become/be famous for 32. become/be famous as 33. all over the world (in the world) 34. in turn 35. have fun (enjoy oneself) 36. on the moon 37. be murdered 38. be destroyed 39. on this day 40. hear about/of 41. be born 42. cut hair ( have one’s cut) 八年级下 Unit 5 Have a great time玩的高兴 let in ` ```进来 stay at home 呆在家 Help sb. (to) do sth..帮助某人做某事 take away 拿走 ask sb. To sth At the party 在晚会上 go to college 去大学 be\become famous变的有名 Travel around the world环游世界 make money 挣钱 work hard 努力工作 A professional soccer player 一名职业足球运动员 seem like 看起来像 Make a living 谋生 all over the world世界各地 give money to 捐钱 All the time 一直 for a living 为``````谋生 get injured 受伤 in fact 事实上 Be able to 能够 be going to spend time 消磨时间 too much 太多 laugh at 笑话某人 go back In order 为了`````` 八年级下 Unit 9 be late for 迟到 look like 看起来象 in order 按顺序 by noon 到中午为止 on the weekend 在周末 have a good day!玩的愉快 looking through 浏览 waiting inline 排队 really low 降低 tell sb. about yourself告诉某人有关你的事 a ball game fan 球迷 be friendly to sb.对某人友好 feel like 感觉像 a friend like you 像你一样的朋友 get along 相处 thanks for 因……而感谢 ask sb. To do sth.要求某人做某事 go with me 和我一起去 think of 想起 leave early 早早离开 at least 至少 be careful 小心 八年纪 下册 Unit 10 most of 大多数 make sb. Laugh让某人笑 like to do 喜欢做某事 like doing both like 都喜欢 the same like 和``````一样 for me 对我来说 get the job 上班 enjoy doing sth

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